Creating and Applying SSL Certificate to TrueNAS Web UI 🌱

Create Your SSL Certificate

  1. Launch XCA
  2. Open the PKI database if it is not already (File > Open DataBase), enter password
  3. Click on the Certificates tab, right click on your Intermediate CA certificate
  4. Select New
  5. On the Source tab, make sure Use this Certificate for signing is selected
  6. Verify your Intermediate CA certificate is selected from the drop down
  7. Click the Subject tab
  8. Complete the Distinguished Name section

    internalName: nas.i12bretro.local
    countryName: US
    stateOrProvinceName: Virginia
    localityName: Northern
    organizationName: i12bretro
    organizationUnitName: i12bretro Certificate Authority
    commonName: nas.i12bretro.local

  9. Click the Generate a New Key button
  10. Enter a name and set the key size to at least 2048
  11. Click Create
  12. Click on the Extensions tab
  13. Select End Entity from the type list
  14. Click Edit next to Subject Alternative Name
  15. Add any DNS or IP addresses that the certificate will identify
  16. Update the validity dates to fit your needs
  17. Click the Key Usage tab
  18. Under Key Usage select Digital Signature, Key Enchiperment
  19. Under Extended Key Usage select Web Server and Web Client Authentication
  20. Click the Netscape tab
  21. Select SSL Server
  22. Click OK to create the certificate

Exporting Required Files

  1. In XCA, click on the Certificates tab
  2. Right click the SSL certificate > Export > File
  3. Set the file name with a .crt extension and verify the export format is PEM (*.crt)
  4. Click OK
  5. Click the Private Keys tab
  6. Right click the private key generated for the SSL certificate > Export > File
  7. Set the file name with a .pk8 extension and verify the export format is PKCS #8 (*.pk8)
  8. Click OK

Applying the Certificates

  1. Open a web browser and log into the TrueNAS web UI
  2. Select Network > Global Configuration
  3. Set the Hostname and Domain fields to match the certificate created
  4. Click the Save button at the bottom of the form
  5. Select System > Certificates from the left navigation
  6. Click the Add button at the top right
  7. Click the Type dropdown and select Import Certificate
  8. Enter Web UI SSL in the Name field
  9. Open the .crt file exported earlier in Notepad, copy the contents to the Certificate data field
  10. Open the .key file exported earlier in Notepad, copy the contents to the Private key data field
  11. Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click Submit
  12. Select System > General from the left navigation
  13. Select Web UI SSL from the GUI SSL Certificate dropdown
  14. Click the Save button at the bottom of the page
  15. Check the Confirm checkbox and click Continue to restart the web service